27 January 1944

27 January 1944


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27 January 1944

January 1944

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Eastern Front

Soviet troops finally end the siege of Leningrad.

Leningrad-Moscow railway cleared of German forces

Diplomacy

The United States officially complains to Japan about the treatment of prisoners of war



27 January in Russian history

January 27, 1944: The total lifting of the siege of Leningrad took place 872 days after it began.

The Siege of Leningrad was one of the longest and most destructive sieges of a major city in modern history and it was the third most costly in terms of casualties, after the World War II battles of Berlin and Stalingrad.

Nowdays the day of the total lifting of the siege of Leningrad is celebrated in Saint-Petersburg city on 27 January every year.

There are many beautiful women in different nations, but Russian beauty has its own peculiarities and distinctive features. Since ancient times, many artists and poets admired the extraordinary beauty and intelligence of a Russian girl, and It's not just that she is very beautiful by nature. Russian girls are able to downcast eyes like delinquent children, it seems they are about to cry, their eyes barely restrain turquoise tears that came out of the permafrost, centuries of grief.

Many ordinary Russian traditions evoke surprise and incomprehension of foreigners. Russian women love to dress up. For example, a nice dress and high heels they consider appropriate attire for a simple stroll or even for ordinary trip to the store. Russian girl is a flower, leaning over the weak men, they forgive them and twirl them as they wish.

True love feeling will evolve if you find the right partner. It's not easy and it takes a lot of time. Joint travel can greatly help with this. Almost everyone loves to travel, and the young, attractive girls, probably more than anyone else. This is, perhaps, not only because they are the most receptive to everything new, beautiful and unknown, not hamstrung by conventions and stereotypes, but also due to the fact that unlike others may travel not only to something see but also be seen.

DISCLAIMER: The information contained on this site is for educational purposes only. The author provides no warranty about the content or accuracy of content enclosed.

Please be advised that this is not "dating site" nor "dating personals site" nor "Russian mail order brides sites" in any way. This is not "date single person" nor "free dating online" nor "friendfinder" nor any other sort of "matrimonial" or "marriage" sites either. We don't offer any matchmaking services. We only offer information as we know it and show you some pictures. It's all free - no fees, no charges.


January 27, 1944 in History

Casey Stengel History:
September 29, 1975 - Casey Stengel, New York Yankee manager 1949 - 1960, dies in Glendale at 85
August 8, 1970 - New York Yankees honor Casey Stengel, retiring his number 37 (BTG was there)
July 25, 1966 - Yankee manager Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame
March 8, 1966 - Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame
August 30, 1965 - Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball
July 24, 1965 - Casey Stengel resigns as manager of New York Mets
April 24, 1965 - New York Met Casey Stengel wins his 3,000 game as manager
October 18, 1960 - Casey Stengel retired by New York Yankees (won 10 pennants in 12 years)
September 29, 1950 - New York Yankees clinch 2nd consecutive pennant under Casey Stengel
July 3, 1950 - Casey Stengel asks Joe DiMaggio to play 1st base (handles 13 chances)
October 12, 1948 - Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
April 20, 1943 - Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
October 25, 1937 - Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees
October 7, 1936 - 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
February 23, 1934 - Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
October 12, 1923 - New York Giant's Casey Stengel home run beats Yankees 1-0 in World Series
May 25, 1919 - Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
January 2, 1918 - Dodgers trade Casey Stengel and Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes and Mamaux
September 17, 1912 - Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn and hits 4 singles
July 30, 1890 - Casey Stengel, baseball manager, Yankees, 1949 - 1960, New York Met's 1st


HistoryLink.org

On January 27, 1944, nearly the entire student body of East Stanwood High School walks out in protest of what they view as the draconian administration of Superintendent Alfred Tunem (1896-1972). The strike lasts for nearly a week, and makes frontpage news as far away as Seattle.

East Stanwood was a pleasant community located a mile east of Stanwood in northwestern Snohomish County for a time the two communities shared an informal nickname, the “Twin Cities.” But East Stanwood was its own town. It was incorporated in 1922, had its own post office, and its own high school. The school had a total enrollment of 86 as the second semester of the school year began in January 1944.

But all was not well at East Stanwood High. Alfred Tunem had served as the school’s superintendent since 1929, but by 1944 had become unpopular with his students, who saw him as an arbitrary and draconian administrator. The students fumed and schemed. They came up with a plan. And at high noon on Thursday, January 27, 1944 -- right after receiving their first semester grades -- nearly the entire student body simply walked out. They gaily marched down the brick road into Stanwood, causing quite a sensation.

Filled with righteous indignation, parents of the striking students rallied to the cause. They came together for a protest meeting that night and vowed a fight to the finish. “We don’t want our children to seem like a bunch of reds and radicals, but this matter must be straightened out,” explained J. A. Wallace, spokesperson for the parents. “The superintendent is a good educator, but a poor psychologist” (“High-School…”). Tunem was accused of lowering grades on student report cards turned into him by teachers, and making it impossible for poorly-performing students to stay in school. Students also complained that there weren’t enough school-sponsored activities and “mixers” (dances).

Echoes of Dissension

Tunem did not deny the accusations of grade changing, explaining that some students hadn’t done their work but still expected to pass. Nor did he deny student complaints that there weren’t enough activities at the school, disgustedly declaring, “Since the start of the war [1941] the pupils have been interested only in mixers, mixers, mixers -- entertainment!” (“High-School…”). But he also blamed their parents for their “parental delinquency,” adding, “People who are not accustomed to making money grow rambunctious when they do. They take the attitude ‘nobody’s going to tell my children what to do’” (“High-School…”).

The strike made frontpage news in The Seattle Times on Friday, right up there with war news from both the Pacific and European fronts. Two students reported to school that day. You could have shot a cannon down the hall and not hit a soul. Seattle Times reporter Robert Mahaffay, sent to investigate, found a somewhat shell-shocked Tunem sitting at his desk, idly toying with a gold Phi Kappa Delta key hanging from his vest. Observed Mahaffay, “The echoes of dissension rang hollowly in the corridors of East Stanwood High School today” (“High-School…”).

The school’s six teachers met on Friday and threatened to resign if Tunem was ousted. Another meeting held on Friday night between parents and school board members was inconclusive. Tension mounted through the weekend. The town divided among pro- and anti-Tunem forces. The Seattle Times reported on Sunday that the community and even some families were divided, with many people not speaking to each other. All anxiously awaited the zero hour on Monday when Tunem had declared school would open and proceed as usual.

Like Pearl Harbor

When Tunem walked into the school’s study hall at 9 a.m. on Monday, he was greeted by 29 grinning students -- about one-third of the entire student body. But the political winds were shifting. Local businessmen, concerned with the burgeoning publicity, had begun quietly cornering some of the parents and explaining how the strike could damage the community. Why, it might even lead to East Stanwood High having to consolidate with Stanwood High!

The pro-strike forces got it. Spokesman Wallace suddenly changed his tune, explaining, “This thing got to snowballing. The deeper you dig into it, the more involved it gets. I really think now that the parents were to blame for not taking the matter up in a regular way. If the parents want Tunem out, they can get him out in the conventional manner” (“29 Pupils…”). Tunem likewise struck a more conciliatory tone, comparing his situation with the shock America had experienced after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor a little more than two years earlier:

“I think this thing is finished now. This is a period of war, and people like excitement. Well, now they have had their excitement. In a way, it’s like Pearl Harbor. When the attack first came, the sound element of the populace was dazed. As soon as they recovered, they asserted themselves and rallied to repel the Japanese. In a way, that same situation has obtained here, and now the sounder element has resumed control” (“29 Pupils…”)

Not quite. The strike continued on Tuesday, with 30 or 31 students reporting to class. Many parents continued to demand Tunem’s dismissal, while educators at the school continued to rally behind Tunem. But another meeting that night between parents and school board members settled it, and on Wednesday, February 2, 1944, 75 students reported to class, roughly normal attendance after taking illness into account. The Seattle Times was thin on details of any specific agreement reached, other than to quote school board chairman Harold Fjarlie, who said the students had not received any administrative concessions. The paper did not say what, if any, resolution was reached regarding Superintendent Tunem.

A Surprise Ending

But Tunem did leave East Stanwood later in 1944. He moved to Mukilteo, opened an insurance agency in Everett, and operated it until retiring in 1963. He was elected Mukilteo’s first mayor in 1947, winning in a landslide over two opponents, and served for nine years before choosing not to run in 1956. He also served as a leader in several social organizations, such as the Order of the Eastern Star and the Everett Central Lion’s Club.

And later in 1944, the East Stanwood and Stanwood school districts consolidated.


27 January 1944 - History

On 8 May 1945 a State commission compiled by the Soviets with advice from Polish, French and Czechoslovak experts revealed the full horror of conditions at the camp.

Nearly 3,000 survivors of various nationalities were questioned and on the basis of their evidence the report estimated 4,000,000 people had perished there between 1941 and early 1945.

The dead included citizens from the Soviet Union, Poland, France, Belgium, Holland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Italy and Greece.

The commission, which had previously investigated conditions at Majdanek, Treblinka and other camps, described Auschwitz as the worst in its experience.

It found evidence of experiments carried out on humans "of a revolting character".

According to the evidence, the commission said the Germans had moved out up to 60,000 inmates - those still fit enough to walk - when they retreated. The few thousand who were left behind were freed by the Russians.

They also found seven tons of women's hair, human teeth, from which gold fillings had been extracted and tens of thousands of children's outfits.

The final death toll was later revised downwards, by the Auschwitz Museum, to between 1 and 1.5 million, including almost 1m Jews.


World War II Today: January 27

1939
President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves the sale of U.S. war planes to France.

1940
Hitler personally takes over planning for the invasion of Norway, ’Plan Weser’.

1941
The 7th Armoured Division captures Mechili. Meanwhile the Australians have bumped into strong Italian defences at Derna and so Wavell decides to halt further offensive action until reinforcements and supply can be brought up.

1942
German troops launch a feint attack from Msus, towards Mechili. This successfully deceives the British in to believing that the Germans will attempt cut the coast road far to the east of Benghazi and so they begin to hurriedly evacuate the 4th Indian Division from Benghazi along the coast road.

Japanese troops land at Pemangkat on the west coast of Dutch Borneo.

The Irish Premier, de Valera protests at the arrival of US troops in Ulster. President Roosevelt is said to be amazed by this.

First Japanese warship sunk by a U.S. submarine, when the USS Gudgeon sinks the IJN submarine I-173.

1943
The USAAF makes its first raid on Germany with a force of B-17’s and B-24’s hitting Emden and Wilhelmshaven in daylight.

1944
The thirteenth heavy raid on Berlin inflicts an estimated 6,000 dead.

The Germans counter-attack the French at Cassino.

Leningraders are told that the blockade has been lifted after 900 days. The Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front launches an offensive against Luzk and Rovno. Hitler lectures all his eastern front army commanders on National Socialism as the Russians cut off 60,000 men in Korsun Pocket, 100 miles to the southeast of Kiev. Army Group North’s commander, Von Küchler orders the eighteenth army to pull back to the river Luga.

1945
Russians troops capture Memel on Baltic Coast after the German evacuation, which now leaves the whole of Lithuania in Russian hands. German forces begin evacuating the vital coal mining and industrial region of Upper Silesia.

Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz. By this time, an estimated 2,000,000 persons, including 1,500,000 Jews, have been murdered there.


Auschwitz: a short history of the largest mass murder site in human history

On 27 January 1945 Soviet soldiers entered the gates of the Auschwitz concentration camp complex in south-west Poland. The site had been evacuated by the Nazis just days earlier. Thus ended the largest mass murder in a single location in human history.

Precise numbers are still debated, but according to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the German SS systematically killed at least 960,000 of the 1.1-1.3 million Jews deported to the camp. Other victims included approximately 74,000 Poles, 21,000 Roma, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war and at least 10,000 from other nationalities. More people died at Auschwitz than at any other Nazi concentration camp and probably than at any death camp in history.

The Soviet troops found grisly evidence of the horror. About 7,000 starving prisoners were found alive in the camp. Millions of items of clothing that once belonged to men, women and children were discovered along with 6,350kg of human hair. The Auschwitz museum holds more than 100,000 pairs of shoes, 12,000 kitchen utensils, 3,800 suitcases and 350 striped camp garments.

Pile of boots at Auschwitz concentration camp. Photograph: Geraint Lewis/Rex

The first Nazi base in Auschwitz, named after the nearby Silesian town of Oświęcim, was set up in May 1940, 37 miles west of Krakow. Now known as Auschwitz I, the site covered 40 square kilometres.

In January 1942, the Nazi party decided to roll out the “Final Solution”. Camps dedicated solely to the extermination of Jews had been created before, but this was formalised by SS Lieutenant General Reinhard Heydrich in a speech at the Wannsee conference. The extermination camp Auschwitz II (or Auschwitz-Birkenau) was opened in the same year.

With its sections separated by barbed-wire fences, Auschwitz II had the largest prisoner population of any of the three main camps. In January 1942, the first chamber using lethal Zyklon B gas was built on the camp. This building was judged inadequate for killing on the scale the Nazis wanted, and four further chambers were built. These were used for systematic genocide right up until November 1944, two months before the camp was liberated.

Aerial view of Auschwitz-Birkenau

This is not the limit of the horrors of Auschwitz I. It was also the site of disturbing medical experimentation on Jewish and Roma prisoners, including castration, sterilisation and testing how they were affected by contagious diseases. The infamous “Angel of Death”, SS captain Dr Josef Mengele, was one of the physicians practising here. His particular interest was experimenting on twins.

According to the numbers provided by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Auschwitz was the site of the most deaths (1.1 million) of any of the six dedicated extermination camps. By these estimates, Auschwitz was the site of at least one out of every six deaths during the Holocaust. The only camp with comparable figures was Treblinka in north-east Poland, where about 850,000 are thought to have died.

Children wearing concentration camp uniforms shortly after the liberation of Auschwitz by the Soviet army on 27 January 1945. Photograph: SUB/AP

The third camp, Auschwitz III, also called Monowitz, was opened in October 1942. It was predominantly used as a base for imprisoned labourers working for the German chemical company IG Farben. According to the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial museum, an estimated 10,000 labourers are thought to have died there. Once they were judged incapable of work, most were killed with a phenol injection to the heart.

The SS began to evacuate the camp in mid-January 1945. About 60,000 prisoners were forced to march 30 miles westwards where they could board trains to other concentration camps. The US Holocaust Memorial Museum estimates 15,000 died during the journey, with the Nazis killing anyone who fell behind.

More than 7,000 Nazi personnel are thought to have served at Auschwitz but just a few hundred have been prosecuted for the crimes committed there. The pursuit of justice has not ceased, with German justice officials saying on 2013 that there were 30 surviving Auschwitz officials who should face prosecution.


Current Events January 8, 1944

Fighting on the southeastern front of the American beach head at Capc Gloucester dropped into a lull intermittent patrolling and skirmishing with Japanese forces aroun Borgen bay Wednesday and Thursday but allied airmen continue their blows with the seventeen straight night raids on Kavieng, New Ireland, it was announced Saturday .


BILLINGS, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1944

Gain 25 Miles in 3
Days Also Dip 22
Miles Into Poland

By JAMES M. LONG
London, Jan. 7.—(AP)---
A new offensive by the Russian Second Ukrainian army has Wasted a 62- mile-wide break-through in German Dnieper bend lines and has advanced 25 miles In three days, completely surrounding the Industrial
town of Krovbgrad, Moscow announced Friday night, while the Russian First Ukrainian army to the northwest struck 12 miles farther into old Poland to capture Klesow.
More than 120 towns and hamlets were captured by the resurgent forces of General Ivan S.Kkouev which have routed five German divisions in their sweep, said the Moscow communique recorded by the Soviet monitor.
This may be the beginning of General Kouev's drive to clear the Germans from the rich Dnieper bend—their easternmost salient in Russia—and join hands with General Nikolai F. Vatutin's First Ukrainian army,to the west.

Clark's Fifth
Army Captures
San Vittore

Nazis Are Defeated
After Three-Day
No-Quarter Battle

By WES GALLAGHER
Allied Headquarters, Algiers, Jan. 7.—(AP)>—
The fortress village of San Vittore, just six miles from Cassino and the flat plains leading toward Borne, fell to General Mark W. Clark's Fifth army at 3:57 p.m. Thursday after three days of desperate, no-quarter street fighting with a German garrison.
More than 100 prisoners were taken and at least that many were slain as the strong point in the Germans' winter line was overwhelmed,
Don Whitehead, Associated Press war correspondent, reported from the wrecked town. San Vittore was captured after British and American troops had threatened to outflank it entirely in their march toward the Italian capital.

Rumania Orders Ban
On Civilian Train
Travel as Reds Advance

Bern. Switzerland, Jan. 7.—(UP)—
The Budapest radio reported Friday night that Rumania has ordered n virtual ban on civilian train travel on all main lines, obviously in connection with withdrawal and defense plans Impelled by the Russian army's steady advances toward the Rumanian border.

500 Germans, French
Meet Violent Death
Daily, Police Believe

Bern, Switzerland, Jan. 7.—(AP)—
French police estimate that 500 persons. Frenchmen nnd Germans, meet violent death every day throughout France, a Paris dispatch, to the Tribune de Geneve said Friday.
These include the victims of the railroad sabotage, bush fighting, political assassinations, nazi reprisals and ecxcutlons.
From Mont Bellard in the department of Doubs the newspaper reported that partisans fought a German patrol and killed 27 in releasing six Frenchmen imprisoned because they had printed a
secret .newspaper. Two women members of the guerrilla band were killed.


The Black Dahlia

On the morning of January 15, 1947, a mother taking her child for a walk in a Los Angeles neighborhood stumbled upon a gruesome sight: the body of a young naked woman sliced clean in half at the waist.

The body was just a few feet from the sidewalk and posed in such a way that the mother reportedly thought it was a mannequin at first glance. Despite the extensive mutilation and cuts on the body, there wasn’t a drop of blood at the scene, indicating that the young woman had been killed elsewhere.

The ensuing investigation was led by the L.A. Police Department. The FBI was asked to help, and it quickly identified the body—just 56 minutes, in fact, after getting blurred fingerprints via “Soundphoto” (a primitive fax machine used by news services) from Los Angeles.

The young woman turned out to be a 22-year-old Hollywood hopeful named Elizabeth Short—later dubbed the “Black Dahlia” by the press for her rumored penchant for sheer black clothes and for the Blue Dahlia movie out at that time.

Short’s prints actually appeared twice in the FBI’s massive collection (more than 100 million were on file at the time)—first, because she had applied for a job as a clerk at the commissary of the Army’s Camp Cooke in California in January 1943 second, because she had been arrested by the Santa Barbara police for underage drinking seven months later. The Bureau also had her “mug shot” in its files and provided it to the press.

A Los Angeles Police Department flyer on Elizabeth Short

In support of L.A. police, the FBI ran records checks on potential suspects and conducted interviews across the nation. Based on early suspicions that the murderer may have had skills in dissection because the body was so cleanly cut, agents were also asked to check out a group of students at the University of Southern California Medical School. And, in a tantalizing potential break in the case, the Bureau searched for a match to fingerprints found on an anonymous letter that may have been sent to authorities by the killer, but the prints weren’t in FBI files.

Who killed the Black Dahlia and why? It’s a mystery. The murderer has never been found, and given how much time has passed, probably never will be. The legend grows…


This Day In History: The Battle Of The Bulge Begins (1944)

On this day, one of the last great battles of WWII began in Belgium in 1944. The Battle of the Bulge was an attempt by the Germans to cut the Allied army in two and seize key ports. It was hoped that this would force the Allies to negotiate with Nazi Germany. The Germans launched &rdquoOperation Mist&rdquo better known as the Ardennes offensive or the Battle of the Bulge. The offensive is best known as the Battle of the Bulge because of the ‘bulge&rsquo that the German army created in the allied lines. The Germans threw almost a quarter of a million men into the offensive and it was for them the last throw of the dice. They were opposed by just over 80,000 American troops. The Germans attacked the American units at their weakest point. There was a 50 mile stretch of the lines that was not properly guarded because it was believed that they terrain was not suitable for an offensive. The Germans were lucky, a thick fog covered their assault and prevented the allies from launching air attacks against them. The Germans were able to overwhelm several American units and more were forced into a headlong retreat.

men from the 2nd Division in the Ardennes (1944)

The Germans employed English-speaking agents to sow confusion among the American units. These commandos destroyed communication lines and attacked rear line units. This was a very effective tactic and the Americans mounted checkpoints to discover the commandos. This all tended to slow down the American and the allied response to the offensive.

The Germans used their Tiger and Panther tanks very effectively and they inflicted heavy losses on the Americans.

The Battle of the Bulge was to rage for three weeks. The Nazi army was able to encircle an American unit at Bastogne, despite being surrounded they refused to surrender. However, other American troops did surrender and in one instance some seven thousand men surrendered. They helped to slow down the Nazi advance. The Germans committed several atrocities and killed American POWs and Belgian civilians. The Americans staged a counter-attack after two weeks. The American High Command threw every available man into the conflict and in total, some half a million men fought in the Battle. Such was the ferocity of the fighting that some G.I.s deserted. General Eisenhower demanded the death penalty for any American who deserted during the battle.

The Battle was a brutal affair and it was only the break in the winter weather that allowed the Americans to turn the tide. The extreme weather lifted and this allowed the US air force to attack German units from the air. The Germans lost many tanks to American planes and they were soon on the retreat. The Americans and the allies were soon to re-take the initiative and by the New Year were able to cross the Rhine and into Germany. It is estimated that some 20,000 Americans were killed in the Battle of the Bulge.


Watch the video: 27 January 1944